What is Insomnia and What are the Treatment Options?

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Insomnia

Do you face difficulty in falling asleep? Even if you do fall asleep, do you keep waking up often? This is not just a passing thing but a medical condition. What you are experiencing is insomnia. Insomnia is scientifically defined as a complicated medical condition or sleep disorder, in which a person finds it difficult to fall asleep or stay asleep. Since sleep is an important factor in helping a person feel rested and rejuvenated, symptoms of insomnia includes fatigue, lethargy, mood swings, and irritability.

Insomnia can be caused due to multiple factors such as chronic body pain, mental stress, depression, anxiety and sometimes substance use. So people who fall under the risk factor of insomnia include stressed out people, depressed people, people with monetary issues, people who often travel in different time zones, etc. While you cannot control falling victim to this disorder, there are different insomnia treatment you can try to treat it. These include:

Follow a Routine

Erratic time schedules and unhealthy lifestyle habits can be a big trigger to cause insomnia. If you work late or tend to watch movies late in the night, your sleep pattern is disrupted, and this leads to insomnia. Therefore, make sure that you go to bed and get up in the morning at the same time every day. This will keep your body on a schedule and make you sleepy at the right time.

Use the Bedroom Just for Sleep

Bedrooms are meant only for sleep and intimacy. If your bedroom includes your TV set, PC, bookshelf, etc., then shift them to some other room. Watching TV or surfing on the internet can actually make you feel less sleepy. Also, once you are in bed, do not surf through your smartphone as the blue light emitted from the device can trick your brain into thinking that it is not the time to sleep.

Cognitive Therapy

One of the most prescribed alternate treatment for insomnia is the cognitive behavioral therapy. In this therapy, the therapist addresses to the patient’s distorted thoughts and tries to channelize them into a positive point of view. Apart from this, the therapist will also train the mind to handle stress and anxieties in a better way. While a patient is undergoing this therapy, the other aspects of their daily routine such as the time they sleep and wake up, their meal times, their digital times, etc. are also controlled.

Relaxation Therapy

The more relaxed you feel, the better the chances that you will fall asleep. To get sound sleep, you need to have both a relaxed mind and a relaxed body. This is attained with the help of relaxation training or therapy. In this therapy, the patient is made to relax by different methods such as hypnosis, progressive muscle relaxation, guided imagery, etc.

Medication

While alternative therapies are long-term treatments, doctors also prescribe medications to such patients to help them sleep well. These medicines include Zoplicone and Trazodone. For mild cases of insomnia, one can even opt for over-the-counter medications. However, it is still advisable to take doctor’s advice as these medicines can have side effects.

Insomnia is a condition that can be mild but turn chronic if not addressed in time. It is, therefore, essential for you to visit a doctor if you notice any symptoms of insomnia. To get the right medications for your insomnia treatment, reach out to us.


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