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Urinary incontinence is the accidental leak of urine due to weak pelvic floor muscles and tissues. It is caused when the pressure on your bladder increases when you cough, laugh, exercise, or sneeze. There are different types of incontinence that millions of people suffer and most of them are women. These are some of the types of incontinence conditions and their respective causes.

Stress Incontinence

This is the most common type of incontinence where the pressure on the bladder increases and urine leaks due to weak pelvic floor muscles. There are other factors like obesity, taking certain medications, having prostate surgery (in men) that can cause weak pelvic floor muscles leading to stress incontinence.

Pelvic floor muscles support the bladder, bowel, and the uterus. When these muscles are contracted, the organs are lifted and the genital and urethral openings are tightened. When the muscles are relaxed, urine and feces can be released from the body. Hence, when these muscles are weak, the control over urine and feces is limited resulting in stress incontinence.

Pelvic floor muscles also play an important role in sexual function. During pregnancy, pelvic floor muscles support the growing fetus and assist during labor. Stress incontinence is common among women as pregnancy and childbirth weaken and stretch the woman’s pelvic floor muscles.

These muscles can be strengthened by sitting comfortably, performing Kegel exercises, receiving help while lifting heavy things, quitting frequent smokes, and drinking a lot of fluids.

Urge Incontinence

This type of incontinence is also called Overactive Bladder (OAB). With this type, you may experience the urgent need to use the restroom but may not reach there on time. This is caused due to damaged pelvic muscles and nerves in the bladder. Damage to other parts of the nervous system can also cause urge incontinence.

Conditions like multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, diabetes, and stroke affect the nerves leading to urge incontinence. Bladder problems such as infections and bladder stones also cause urge incontinence. If you can’t empty your bladder, you may dribble urine. This is called overflow incontinence. Conditions that block the flow of urine such as tumors or an enlarged prostate can also lead to urge incontinence.

Functional Incontinence

Functional incontinence is caused when mental or physical problems restrict the individual from getting to the restroom in time. Conditions like dementia or arthritis restrict the individual from physically moving their muscles quick enough to reach to the restroom when the bladder receives pressure. If the pressure is slightly higher, it leads to functional incontinence where urine leakage becomes a common thing.

Mixed Urinary Incontinence

This means the patient is suffering from more than one type of incontinence. Many women suffer from both stress and urge incontinence. Lifestyle changes and medical treatments can be taken for both kinds at a time.

It might be embarrassing to talk about your urinary incontinence, but it’s a must to tell your doctor about everything you feel to receive the right treatments. Your doctor can help you figure out what’s causing the condition. This is the first step in getting help. At iCare Pharmacy we can provide help in choosing the correct product for you as we are a AADL incontinence supplier. Please contact us for any help. We will even get you started on free samples to help you choose a product that is right for you while maintaining your privacy and dignity.

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